Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the cells become insensitive to insulin which leads to a rise in blood sugar. There are various factors that can cause diabetes such as obesity, lack of activity, stress, and genetics. Diabetes can be treated with the administration of GlucoBay but it must only be taken with the physicians’ recommendation. There are various signs and symptoms of diabetes and they are listed as below:
- Excess thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurry vision
- Unusual odour in urine
- Discoloration of skin under armpits, chin, and groin
- Gaining or losing weight
If blood sugar is not controlled over time, there can be various other complications such as diabetic eye disease, heart disease, foot problems, neuropathy, and sexual dysfunctions start showing up.
Action mechanism of Acarbose
The process of carbohydrate digestion requires pancreas to produce enzymes alpha-amylase into the intestine. These enzymes breakdown large carbohydrates into oligosaccharides, which are further broken down by alpha-glucosidase into small sugar like substance called glucose.
Acarbose medication works by slowing down the action of these enzymes (pancreatic alpha-amylase, and membrane-bound intestinal alpha-glucoside) that breakdown food into sugar. This medicine lowers the breakdown of carbohydrates to keep the blood sugar from rising high after meals.
Benefits of acarbose (GlucoBay)
Glucobay helps in lowering the blood glucose in the patients suffering from type2 diabetes. Along with lowering the sugar level, it helps prevent kidney damage, nerve problem, and loss of limbs, sexual dysfunction and other related complications. It also lowers the chances of occurrence of heart attack and stroke.
Glucobay also works by slowing down the breakdown and absorption of carbohydrates. This prevents the rise in blood sugar after meals.
Dosage and storage of acarbose (GlucoBay)
Glucobay is an oral medication available in 25mg, 50mg, and 100mg tablets.
Initially, the dose begins with 25 mg tablet taken 3 times a day with the first main meal bite. Glucobay can be increased up to 100 mg tablet taken 3 times a day with the first bite from the main meal but it must be done so only with the physicians’ recommendation.
For people who weight 60 kg or less, the maximum dosage should not exceed beyond 50 mg tablet three times a day. If the medication is not taken as prescribed by the physician, the sugar levels cannot be controlled and can lead to its dangerous complications.
- The medicine should not be stored above 25°C (77°F).
- You must always store Glucobay in a cool, dry place. Also, always protect the medicine from heat and moisture.
- It should always be kept in an air-tight container.
Precautions while using acarbose (GlucoBay)
- Before taking the medicine, keep your doctor informed about any allergies as the medicine might contain an inactive ingredient which you may be allergic to.
- Any medical history should be told to the doctor especially if suffering from inflammatory bowel disease, liver disease, or kidney problems.
- Immediately after taking medication you might observe blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness. Do not drive or use any machinery for safety purpose.
- Limit alcohol consumption as it may excessively lower the blood sugar level.
- If the body is stressed, it would become difficult to control sugar. Consult a doctor as he might require a change in the treatment plan, medication, or blood sugar testing.
- Before surgery, inform the doctor about all the prescription and non-prescription medication.
- If pregnant, use the medicine only when needed. Discuss the benefits and side effects with the doctor.
- There are chances that this medication may pass into the breastmilk so if you are breastfeeding, please inform your doctor.
Side effects of acarbose (GlucoBay)
- When starting the medication, the patient might observe diarrhoea, gas, abdominal pain, which lessens as the body adapts to the medicine.
- Liver problems such as nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, yellowing of eyes, skin, and urine, should be brought to the notice of the doctor.
- Hypoglycaemia is a common side effect of taking anti-glycaemic medications. The symptoms observed are sweating, shaking, blurred vision, dizziness, and tingling in hands and feet.
- Hyperglycaemia symptoms can occur when the dose prescribed is not sufficient. The symptoms include thirst, drowsiness, increased urination, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity odour.
- Serious intestinal symptoms such as diarrhoea and constipation can occur. If the symptoms do not subside contact the doctor.
- There can also be some serious allergic reactions such as rash, swelling of face, tongue, and throat. Get immediate medical help in such cases.