Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure


Blood pressure is the pressure with which the heart pumps blood against the walls of the blood vessels. When blood pressure is too low, the condition is called hypotension, and when it is consistently high, it is called hypertension.

When the blood pressure is high, it puts a strain on your arteries and heart, which can be the cause of heart attacks and strokes. There are no apparent signs of hypertension. It is best to measure it from time to time. It is measured in systolic pressure and diastolic pressure expressed in ‘millimeters of mercury’ (mmHg) and is written as two numbers/levels. Systolic pressure is the maximum pressure during one heartbeat. Diastolic pressure is the minimum pressure between two heartbeats. The normal blood pressure is considered to be below 120mm Hg systolic and  80 mm Hg diastolic.

The blood pressure must remain in the normal range; otherwise, it may lead to many health issues like heart failure, kidney failure, hemorrhage, cardiogenic shock, hormonal abnormalities, eating disorders, amongst others. Keeping a healthy body weight, eating a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, cutting down on sodium, or salt, in the diet, taking regular aerobic exercise, brisk walking, and moderate alcohol intake can help you maintain normal blood pressure.

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